H.M.S. Beagle. Charles Darwin | Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution by natural selection

H.M.S. Beagle. Charles Darwin

HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin

HMS Beagle
Commanded by Robert Fitzroy.

Of all the 19th century oceanographic expeditions, the best known is the five-year voyage of the HMS Beagle. Departing from Plymouth, England on December 27, 1831, the Beagle sailed under the command of Robert Fitzroy. With the now-famous Charles Darwin aboard as the ship’s naturalist among a crew of 73, the Beagle ultimately circled the Earth, voyaging along both coasts of South America while studying the southern oceans. The route along South America proved especially interesting to Darwin. Much of his time was spent studying the geology and biology of the coastline.

Darwin was particularly interested in the Galapagos Islands in Ecuador. Darwin carefully noted the changes in organism characteristics and habitats in correspondence with their latitude. As the Beagle sailed through the warm South Pacific, Darwin turned his attention to coral and coral reefs. Among his many observations, he noted that coral only grows in relatively shallow, warm water. however, extended far deeper than coral grows. Darwin hypothesized that the massive coral reefs could only result from the sea floor slowly sinking. He went on to propose that as the sea floor descends, coral grows upward to remain in the shallow water it needs to survive. This hypothesis became the basis for Darwin’s first major published work, Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs. Darwin’s explanation that coral reefs form by growing upward as the sea floor recedes is the explanation accepted by scientists today.

The complete works of Charles Darwin online

by pelon

This site currently contains more than 50,000 searchable text pages and 40,000 images of both publications and handwritten manuscripts. There is also the most comprehensive Darwin bibliography ever published and the largest manuscript catalogue ever assembled. More than 150 ancillary texts are also included, ranging from secondary reference works to contemporary reviews, obituaries, published descriptions of Darwin's Beagle specimens and important related works for understanding Darwin's context.
Most of the editions provided here appear online for the first time such as the first editions of Journal of Researches [or Voyage of the Beagle] (1839), The descent of Man...

H.M.S. Beagle, the famous ship that

by garyd777

Took Charles Darwin on his 1831-1836 voyage around the world, had a rather mundane history following her return to England.
She was transferred by the British Navy to the Customs and Excise Department and was used to catch smugglers along the southeast coast of England.
The Beagle was finally sold for scrap in 1870 after 50 years of service.


by GodAlmighty

Charles Darwin confesses evolution is a hoax: We received an E-mail in 2003-SEP which said that evolution is a hoax. Darwin just "thought it up" and presented it as truth even though he knew it had no evidence to back it up. It is doubtful that anyone reading Darwin's books (On the origin of species, The descent of man, The voyage of the Beagle: Charles Darwin's Journal of Researchers, Charles Darwin's Zoology Notes and Specimen Lists from H.M.S. Beagle, and his autobiography) could come to this conclusion. His finding that evolution happened and happens through natural selection is based on a massive number of observations of nature

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Ray Eston Smith Jr
What are the fundamental laws of social morality?

Here's what I think:

First Law. Don't initiate force or fraud. This is absolutely true because people will not voluntarily associate with anyone who coerces or defrauds them. If a group of people don't obey this law, then they aren't voluntarily associated, therefore they are not a society, therefore social morality does not apply to them, anymore than it applies to rocks and trees.

Second Law. There are no other laws, because any other law would violate the first law.

Note: I am distinguishing between social morality, which people…

I don't think there are really any laws of social morality it is just social order.

Few scientists and religious scholars have seriously pondered how science and religion can be reconciled. But times are changing. Not long ago I attended two meetings that brought together scientists, theologians, and religious scholars to discuss just that issue. The first gathering was part of the Science and the Spiritual Quest II program ( sponsored by the Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences in Berkeley, California. The other was organized by the American Association for the…

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