Charles Darwin info for Kids | Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution by natural selection

Charles Darwin info for Kids

Who was Charles Darwin?

On the morning of 27th December, 1831 Charles stood at the rail of this great ship HMS Beagle. Wind blowing in his face and hair. He looked down to where the water lapped on its sides. Robert Fitzroy, the captain of Beagle was busy with the last minutes preparations as the Beagle was ready to set out for its second voyage and this time to South America.

Charles, a naturalist (someone who loves to study nature) was extremely excited to set out on this adventure. The 22 year old did not know then that his findings on this Voyage would completely change the history of mankind. He could not believe that he was on a voyage for his father wanted him to study medicine and become a doctor. He was in charge of collecting plants and animal specimens from all the islands he visited ad studying them later on. Something that he loved to do.

On the 16th of January, 1832, they anchored at Porto Praya, in St. Jago, the chief island of the Cape de Verd archipelago. A white band of a raised beach about forty-five feet above the water, embedded with shells stood out as an interesting part of the island’s natural history. Charles collected the rocks and shells. During the stay there, he also observed the habits of marine animals like octopus, cuttlefish and Aplysia, a sea slug. Most of them changed colors like a chameleon. Charles found that intriguing.

After spending a few days in St. Jago, Beagle moved on towards Brazil. After making quick stops at St Paul and Fernando Noronha, it reached San Salvador, Brazil on Feb. 29th. The lush forests of Brazil enchanted the people on Beagle especially Charles. He studied the different varieties of plants, animals and birds. He noticed that, throughout the long coast of Brazil, there were black shining rocks and white water. Black rocks were actually granitic formation.

Tracing the boundary of South America, Beagle the survey ship charged ahead. Finally, in mid September they reached a group of islands that were far removed from all the rest. It was his stay here that Charles came up with ‘The theory of evolution’. It was Galapagos Archipelago. A group of ten islands. As Charles looked around what caught his attention, was the number of craters around, uninviting bushes and lack of plants. Almost disappointed he walked along and was rewarded by the sighting of two large tortoises weighing almost 200lbs each. He was amazed how the wildlife differed so much from place to place. On further exploration of other islands, he found giant lizards that swam.

The Voyage ended when the Beagle reached England on 2 October 1836. In the next year, he started writing journals about how the surrounding have an effect of the changing of one species into another.

From Wikipedia, with references:

by k832395

Charles Darwin recounted in his biography of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin how false stories were circulated claiming that Erasmus had called for Jesus on his deathbed. Charles concluded by writing "Such was the state of Christian feeling in this country [in 1802].... We may at least hope that nothing of the kind now prevails." Despite this hope, very similar stories were circulated following Darwin's own death, most prominently the "Lady Hope Story", published in 1915 which claimed he had converted on his sickbed.[6] Such stories have been propagated by some Christian groups, to the extent of becoming urban legends, though the claims were refuted by Darwin's children and have been dismissed as false by historians

Bird brainiacs: The genius of pigeons  — New Scientist
Before a visit from his friend the geologist Charles Lyell, Darwin wrote: "I will show you my pigeons! Which is the greatest treat, in my opinion, which ..

Penguin Classics The Voyage of the Beagle: Charles Darwin's Journal of Researches (Penguin Classics)
Book (Penguin Classics)
Modern Library The Voyage of the Beagle: Journal of Researches into the Natural History and Geology of the Countries Visited During the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle Round the World (Modern Library Classics)
Book (Modern Library)
Heritage Press Journal of Researches into the Natural History and Geology of the Countries Visited during the Voyage of HMS Beagle, under the Command of Capain Fitzroy, RN
Book (Heritage Press)
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