Evolution theory Darwin | Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution by natural selection

Evolution theory Darwin

Did Darwin plagiarize his evolution theory?

Erasmus-Darwinwikipedia.org

Erasmus Darwin (1731–1802)

A common (but erroneous) conclusion is that Charles Darwin conceived modern biological evolution, including natural selection.1 An example of statements commonly found in the scientific literature indicating this would be the comment by Michael Fitch: ‘Not until Darwin, did anyone draw the same conclusion … except Alfred R. Wallace. … But Darwin undoubtedly preceded him in the conception of the theory’ of evolution by natural selection.2 A study of the works of pre-Darwinian biologists shows that, in contrast to this common assumption, Darwin was not the first modern biologist to develop the idea of organic evolution by natural selection.3, 4

Furthermore, most (if not all) of the major ideas credited to Darwin actually were discussed in print by others before him. De Vries noted that some critics have even concluded that Darwin did not make any major new contributions to the theory of evolution by natural selection.5 A study of the history of evolution shows that Darwin ‘borrowed’ all of his major ideas—some feel plagiarized would be a more accurate word—without giving due credit to these people. A few examples are discussed below.

Robert-ChambersThe pre-Darwin modern theories of biological evolution

The modern theory of biological evolution probably was first developed by Charles De Secondat Montesquieu (1689–1755), who concluded that ‘in the beginning there were very few’ kinds of species, and the number has ‘multiplied since’ by natural means.6 Another important evolutionist was Benoit de Maillet (1656–1738), whose book on evolution was posthumously published in 1748. In this book de Maillet suggested that fish were the precursors of birds, mammals, and men.7 Yet another pre-Darwin scientist was Pierre-Louis Maupertuis (1698–1759) who in 1751 concluded in his book that new species may result from the fortuitous recombining of different parts of living animals.

Darwin never once openly admitted that his grandfather had a major influence on his central ideas.

At about this same time the French encyclopedist, Denis Diderot (1713–1784), taught that all animals evolved from one primeval organism. This prototype organism was fashioned into all those types of animals alive today via natural selection. George Louis Buffon (1707–1788) even expounded the idea at length that ‘the ape and man had a common ancestry’ and, further, that all animals had a common ancestor.8 Macrone concluded that, although Darwin put evolution on a firmer scientific basis

‘ … he was hardly the first to propose it. A century before Darwin the French naturalist Georges Buffon wrote extensively on the resemblance among various species of birds and quadrupeds. Noting such similarities and also the prevalence in nature of seemingly useless anatomical features (such as toes on a pig), Buffon voiced doubts that every single species had been uniquely formed by God on the fifth and sixth days of creation. Buffon suggested in guarded language at least a limited sort of evolution that would account for variances among similar species and for natural anomalies.’9

De Vries noted that

‘Evolution, meaning the origin of new species by variation from ancestor species, as an explanation for the state of the living world, had been proclaimed before Darwin by several biologists/thinkers, including the poet Johann Wolfgang Goethe, in 1795. Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck in 1809, Darwin’s grandfather, the ebullient physician-naturalist-poet-philosopher Erasmus Darwin, and in Darwin’s time anonymously by Robert Chambers in 1844.’10



Belief in evolution preceded Darwin.

by 2ndKnight

Just as belief in gravity preceded Newton many biologists believed in evolution before Darwin. The evidence supporting it was obvious but theories attempting to explain it were inadequate. Darwin and Wallace provided a theory that has held against every test to date.
As with all statements in science a theory must be falsifiable. Creationism is not falsifiable and therefor cannot be part of science.

The theory of evolution has evolved.

by interestsci

Darwin's theory--> Neo-Darwinism (Wallace and August WEismann)--> turn of 20th century common descent accepted but natural selection was not accepted as sufficient for evolutinary change and missing theory of heredity-->Darwinism and Mendelism reconciled by Fisher, Haldane, Wright generalized Mendelism through statistical analysis to the case of quantitatively-changing traits-->1940s and early 50s, Dobzhansky, Huxley, Mayr, Simpson and Stebbins extended evolution: nutation and ntural selection accounts for long-term changes in the fossil record; how speciation naturally occurs in populations; selection observed to take place in contemporary natural populations of plants and animals

Retiring at 82: You've got to like your work  — ABC Local
She's spent the last 20 years working as a lecturer in horticulture at Charles Darwin University. "You've to like your work," says Mrs Hagan when asked why she kept working long after she could have put her feet up. "I like the students, the students ..

Uni ratings' big tick  — The Australian Financial Review
.. the University of Wollongong, Macquarie University, University of Technology Sydney, the University of South Australia, Deakin University, Murdoch University, Charles Darwin University, Curtin University of Technology, Flinders University, Griffith ..

Sugar glider moves around the family tree  — ABC Online
Thought for more than 150 years to be a subspecies of sugar glider, researchers based at Charles Darwin University in Darwin have recently found it more closely resembles two other species of glider, and they speculate that it may even represent an ..

FAQ

Oli
Can you answer Charles Darwin Trivia Quiz?

Do you know the answer to any of these questions?????
1) Charles’s Wife, Emma, was a keen and accomplished pianist. From whom did she once receive piano lessons?
A) Fryderyk Chopin
B) Hector Berlioz
C) Franz Liszt

2) When Charles and Emma were first married, they lived in a house in Gower Street, London (now the site of a UCL biology building). What was their nickname for the house?
A) Maer Mansions
B) Macaw Cottage
C) The Boxrooms

3) Which of the following people was NOT left handed?
A) Erasmus Darwin (Charles's…

1. A (from Chopin in Paris)
B - Finches
's_finches
5. C - The Princess and the Goblin
A - Walter Crick
"Crick replied with not only the answers, but also the beetle and the shell. Both arrived alive, so Darwin put the "wretched" insect in a bottle with chopped ..."
10. B - Australia
"Charles Darwin: The Voyage of the Beagle: Chapter XIX: Australia. ... and he who thinks with me will never wish to walk again in so uninviting a country"
15. Joseph Parslow
" Darwin's family home. Down House…

Sebastian Vargas
Can you find the answers the this quiz (mostly basic historic, literary, and scientific trivia)?

A recent survey said that most teenagers living in the US or Europe should be able to get at least 12 of these 16 questions right. I managed to get 15 correct, (I couldn't finish Number 1). (P.S. This survey isn't mine, I just found it and thought it was interesting to see how many could get it).

1. List 10 US Presidents and Major things they did in office.
2. Describe the French Revolution that began in 1789 in moderate detail.
3. List and name the six wives of Henry VIII of England, and what happened to each one.
4. List at least 3 Ancient Humanoid…

I'm not a teenager, and I believe I can answer at least 12 without further research, but anyone claiming that most American or European teenagers could, is dreaming.
I would suggest not one in a thousand could name 5 lovers/husbands of Cleopatra VII.

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