Charles Darwin theories of evolution | Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution by natural selection

Charles Darwin theories of evolution

Darwin and Natural Selection

Following graduation from Cambridge in 1831 with a Bachelor of Arts degree, Darwin was clearly more interested in biology and geology than he was in a clerical career. Fortunately, John Henslow was able to help him secure a berth on a British Navy mapping expedition that was going around the world on what would ultimately become a nearly five year long voyage. Initially, Darwin's father refused to allow him to go but was eventually persuaded by Charles and even agreed to pay for his passage and for that of his man servant on the journey. They sailed two days after Christmas in 1831 aboard the survey ship H.M.S. Beagle with Darwin acting as an unpaid naturalist and gentleman companion for the aristocratic captain, Robert Fitzroy. Darwin was 22 years old at the time, and Fitzroy was only 4 years older. The Beagle was a compact 90 foot long ship with a crew of 74. There was little space, even for the captain. Darwin shared a cramped 10 X 11 foot cabin with two other men, a cabin boy, and their belongings. Because of the Beagle's design and small size, it was generally thought by naval men that it was ill suited for the rough seas it would encounter, especially at the southern tip of South America. Darwin frequently suffered from sea sickness on the voyage. Fortunately, he was able to spend most of the time on land exploring. In fact, he was at sea for only 18 months during the nearly 5 years of the expedition.

Captain Fitzroy was interested in advancing science and was especially drawn to geology. He had a surprisingly good library of over 400 books onboard the Beagle that he made available to Darwin. It was during the beginning of the voyage that Darwin read the first volumes of Charles Lyell's "Principles of Geology" and became convinced by his proof that uniformitarianism provided the correct understanding of the earth's geological history. This intellectual preparation, along with his research on the voyage, was critical in leading Darwin to later accept evolution. Especially important was his 5 weeks long visit to the Galpagos Islands in the Eastern Pacific Ocean. It was there that he made the observations that eventually led him to comprehend what causes plants and animals to evolve, but he apparently did not clearly formulate his views on this until 1837. At the time he left the Galpagos Islands, he apparently still believed in a traditional Biblical creation of all life forms.




Clifton's Nursery Charles Darwin--English Rose Bush, Five Gallon Plant
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New Charles Darwin film is 'too controversial..'

by B_l_i_n_d

...for religious American audiences
A new British film about Charles Darwin has failed to land a distribution deal in the States because his theories on human evolution are too controversial for religious American audiences, according to the film's producer.
Creation follows the British naturalist's 'struggle between faith and reason' as he wrote his 1859 book, On The Origin Of The Species.
The film, directed by Jon Amielm was chosen to open the Toronto Film Festival and has now been sold to almost every territory in the world

Half of Britons do not believe in evolution

by cheaande


Great Britain is catching up to the U.S. when it comes to the rejection of evolution by natural selection.
'Half of British adults do not believe in evolution, with at least 22% preferring the theories of creationism or intelligent design to explain how the world came about, according to a survey.
The poll found that 25% of Britons believe Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution is “definitely true”, with another quarter saying it is “probably true”. Half of the 2,060 people questioned were either strongly opposed to the theory or confused about it.'

Hotbed of biodiversity: Fascinating images of wildlife from the Galapagos Islands  — Mother Nature Network
Located 575 miles off the coast of Ecuador, this remote volcanic archipelago is famous as the birthplace of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection.

Struik Nature (Random House Struik) The African Baobab
eBooks (Struik Nature (Random House Struik))
NYU Press The Works of Charles Darwin, Volume 18: Movements and Habits of Climbing Plants
Book (NYU Press)

FAQ

Angie Rodriguez
What do I mention in my brochure about Charles Darwin's voyage on the HMS Beagle?

My biology homework project says: You must design and make a travel brochure for a cruise or boat charter that follows the voyages taken by Charles Darwin and the HMS Beagle. The types of people who would pay to take this sort of trip would do so to learn more about the history and discoveries made by Darwin so your brochure must include specific highlights and details about Darwin's most famous findings and destinations. You need to include where Darwin departed from and returned to as well as at least 5 other of his destinations (minimum).

HELP!! I need sources where I…

There is an excellent book which describes Darwin's voyage very well giving all the information about where he went, the things he saw and the discoveries he made. It is called "The Voyage of the Beagle" and was written by Charles Darwin. Read the contents pages which will tell you exactly where he went and allow you to refer to the text for other details.

You don't even have to go to the library to read the book, it is online. There are lots of other web sites with information and maps. Google "The Voyage of the Beagle" and check some of the links.

kelsey123
Should I follow my dream or go the easy route? Career/ school?

Should I follow my dream or go the easy route? Career/ school?
My dream job is to travel to third world countries and help them. Nothing would make me happier. But it is very hard to get to that point. Years of school and experience is required (90% of jobs in the Peace Corps require a bachelors degree). I understand that it doesn't pay very much (which I'm willing to sacrifice) but if I travel a lot then it would be hard to raise a family.

I am currently getting my Associates degree in culinary arts to be a chef (on my second quarter). It is fun but it is my second…

You should follow your dream, for several reasons.

You only have one life, and if you are about 20, it's already one-quarter gone. Older people rush to kill young people's dreams. Parents often tell people they shouldn't follow their dream. They told Charles Darwin he should be a surgeon. They told Cezanne to get a job in the bank. They told Elton John to get a job in the government. Those older people have had their lives; they need to learn where to draw the line.

If you go the way that makes you unhappy, you will sooner or later change course, and will…

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