Charles Darwin job Description | Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution by natural selection

Charles Darwin job Description

Charles Darwin, Edward Lear, and the Royal Society Library

'Red Macauco - Lemur rufus', by Edward Lear, from 'Gleanings from the menagerie and aviary at Knowsley Hall' (1846)In the course of preparing for our new exhibition, ‘Edward Lear and the Scientists’, I came across an undated letter from Charles Darwin to an unidentified librarian. The letter, which has been transcribed online by the Darwin Correspondence Project, contained Darwin’s request to borrow a volume of the Philosophical Transactions, and ‘a great work descriptive of animals in Ld. Derby’s menagerie’. The latter is Gleanings from the Menagerie and Aviary at Knowsley Hall, a lavish privately-printed publication with illustrations by Edward Lear. I was about to put the Royal Society’s copy of this work, which had been donated to the library by Lord Derby himself, on display. Could Darwin have asked to borrow this very volume?

Actually, as detective jobs go, this one was relatively straightforward, thanks to the record-keeping of past Royal Society librarians. In our archives we have a set of library lending registers from the 19th century, containing names of borrowers, dates, titles borrowed, and (most importantly from the librarian’s point of view) a column recording whether the volume had been returned. Opening any of the volumes immediately reveals what an important resource the Royal Society’s collection was for 19th century scientists, and how many of them took advantage of what were obviously rather more relaxed borrowing rules at the time (these days we don’t lend out Newton’s Principia!). Regular borrowers included Edward Sabine, John Lubbock, Charles Lyell, and Thomas Henry Huxley. One name that appears frequently is James Orchard Halliwell, who was later banned from the Reading Room of the British Museum on the suspicion he had stolen manuscripts from Trinity College Library (all his borrowings from the Royal Society seem to have been returned safely).

Royal Society Library Lending Register (MS/403), showing that Charles Darwin borrowed the Royal Society Library’s copy of 'Gleanings from the Menagerie and Aviary at Knowsley Hall' in 1856Another name that appears very frequently is C. Darwin. Darwin was elected as a Fellow in January 1839, and his first entry in the lending register appears in April 1839, when he borrowed volume 4 of the Transactions of the Geological Society. He obviously found the Royal Society’s library collection a useful resource, because over the years to 1860 he borrowed books and sets of journal volumes on more than 120 occasions (and more after that date – I just haven’t counted them yet). The Society’s library gave him access to foreign journals, including the publications of the St Petersburg Academy (now the Russian Academy of Sciences), Berlin’s Königliche Akademie der Wissenschaften (Royal Academy of Sciences), and the Brussels Académie Impériale et Royale des Sciences et Belles-Lettres. Darwin also borrowed travel books, some dating back to the 18th century. These included Constantine Phipps’s A Voyage towards the North Pole undertaken by His Majesty’s Command 1773 (London, 1774), which contained the first European description of the polar bear. Occasionally Darwin borrowed much older volumes, including Francis Willughby’s Ornithology, published in 1678, and the Italian Renaissance naturalist Ulisse Aldrovandi’s works on birds (1599) and quadrupeds (1637).



So then, one might wonder, what do all of these Intelligent Design people really want? "The Wedge Strategy," which was leaked by the Center for the Renewal of Science and Culture, the main group supporting Intelligent Design, and a subsidiary of the conservative Christian think-tank, the Discovery Institute. The document starts:
"The proposition that human beings are created in the image of God is one of the bedrock principles on which Western civilization was built. Its influence can be detected in most, if not all, of the West's greatest achievements, including representative democracy, human rights, free enterprise, and progress in the arts and sciences

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Indicate your general views of Charles Darwin during the voyage of the Beagle?

In regards to his age, education, interests, and what his actual job was as a naturalist during the voyage.

Even though educated by the Church of England, Charles, like many others in his family, questioned the way the Christian Religion was taught by the Church of his day. They and he had issues regarding faith.
He was approximately 22 years of age when he left England to go on the five-year voyage aboard The Beagle.
Some authors tell us he was the 'botanist' on The Beagle. The description of 'naturalist' fits better as he took notes not just on flora but on fauna as well. He collected specimens such as barnacles and fossils.
In later life, after marrying Emma Wedgwood,…

I need help from a scientist...?

For my biology class, we have to write a "newspaper" article on a scientist. We're supposed to interview them, but i don't know anyone personally who is a scientist. So, if anyone is a research scientist, and would be willing to answer some or all of the following questions, i would really appreciate it!

- Background information on yourself
- A description of what you research/do
- Any setbacks/difficulties/surprises that you have encountered on the job
- Results (if available)
- The impact or contribution your research has had on society

I would pick Charles Darwin, he had a good impact on the thoery of evolution. To find all that imfo you can google it.

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