What was Charles Darwin book called? | Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution by natural selection

What was Charles Darwin book called?

New Book Uncovers "the Life and Lies of Charles Darwin

Wiker demonstrates that Darwin coupled his theory of evolution -- the idea that all living things descend from a common ancestor through a blind process of natural selection acting on random variations -- with his persistent materialism. As Wiker writes: "The problem with Charles Darwin is not evolution itself, but his strange insistence on creating an entirely godless account of evolution. That evolution must be godless to be scientific is the Darwin Myth."

To back his "myth, " Darwin created a story about himself which departs in significant ways from the reality, according to Wiker. For example, Darwin claimed that he had originally believed in not only religion, but orthodox Christianity. In his autobiography, written years later, Darwin talks about the time when he was considering the idea of entering the ministry. Wiker is skeptical:

So he read a few theology books, and "as I did not then in the least doubt the strict and literal truth of every word in the Bible, I soon persuaded myself that our Creed must be fully accepted."

Given his background, this statement rather stretches credulity.

The belief that all reality is material and that everything that exists is derived from purposeless, material causes, has a long philosophical history. In Darwin's case, it also had a long family history. As Wiker explains, before Darwin was born his grandfather, Erasmus Darwin, was an advocate of evolution (which he called "transmutationism") and, like many European intellectuals, of atheism. Erasmus Darwin called himself a Deist, but according to Wiker his skepticism had gone so far beyond Deism that even Unitarian Samuel Taylor Coleridge, after meeting him, concluded: "He is an Atheist." As Wiker explains, "Erasmus famously described Unitarianism as a featherbed to catch a falling Christian. Whatever Erasmus was, he was beyond that." According to Wiker, Darwin followed in his grandfather's footsteps:

for Darwin, the notion of a soul and the afterlife was by now [the time of his marriage] entirely unintelligible. He was a thoroughgoing materialist, just as his grandfather had been, just as his father remained.

We know this because for about two years he had been busy writing away in his very private notebooks, all his most private thoughts about transmutationism. And the notebooks make very clear that he was after a particular version of the transformation of species, an entirely materialist version, one that began, with the aid of his father, as a meditation on his grandfather's Zoönomia. In his "MNotebook" of 1838, we find that he probes his father for information, and both are bantering back and forth about the Zoönomia. Again and again we find "my father thinks, " "my father says."

Although in later years Darwin preferred to describe himself as "agnostic, " his writings make clear according to Wiker that for all practical purposes Darwin embraced atheism. Indeed much of Darwin's preference for the term agnostic appeared to be prudential: Darwin did not want to further shock his wife, a theist who was already dismayed at her husband's lack of faith, or his contemporaries.

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Icon Group International Charles Darwin: Webster's Timeline History, 1707 - 2007
Book (Icon Group International)

You can love both Darwin and divinity

by Snakebyte_XX

People among many faiths balance their religious views with evolution
Charles Darwin is widely praised by atheists for the way his theory of evolution denies the existence of God. For the same reason he's vilified by conservative religious people.
There is just one problem with the opinions of these opposing camps: They're not exactly based on what Darwin said. The pioneering 19th-century biologist confessed that evolution placed him in a "hopeless muddle" about the concept of God.
Church-going Darwin did, indeed, end up rejecting traditional 19th-century views of an Almighty Christian God

Not clear to me where you'd go with that

by MisterEllis

Eloquence. You end with
"Darwin wasn't merely a scientist, he was an accomplished philosopher. It wasn't the facts he uncovered that changed the world.. it was his THOUGHTS... his philosophy. "
He is credited with bringing the world a theory, but he didn't just sit back in his armchair musing philosophically, he travelled and observed evidence and then found a new way to put 2 and 2 together. However modern evolution theory relies also on Mendel and others. Since "facts" is synthetic one may look into just what constitutes a fact. Generally facts occur in the psyche as elements of how evidence is arranged in the psyche

Bird brainiacs: The genius of pigeons  — New Scientist
Before a visit from his friend the geologist Charles Lyell, Darwin wrote: "I will show you my pigeons! Which is the greatest treat, in my opinion, which ..

Pennyhill Press Genetic Timeline: Human Genome Research
eBooks (Pennyhill Press)
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